Heritage Conservation Advocates
Writers are not necessarily members of the HCA, and views expressed in the articles do not necessarily reflect those of the HCA.

Moreno's Date with History

Antonio J. Montalván, Ph.D.

Oscar S. Moreno has personally chosen what is the most historically apt venuefor the inaugural of a Cagayan de Oro city mayor.

The kiosko at Divisoria was known in the early days as the Tribuna, a forum for addressing big assemblies of the Cagayan citizenry. Its location at the center of the city is not unintended. As the heart of the 1901 Plaza Divisoria, it is also the city’s soul. Here lies the posterity of momentous events of the past that shaped the history and culture of the Cagayan de Oro people.


Rizal and Cagayan

Antonio J. Montalván II, Ph.D., June 24, 2011

It is not very common knowledge that at the time of the National Hero’s exile in Dapitan, his very presence there was felt quite palpably here in the town of what was then known as Cagayan de Misamis. From oral lore, we know that at least two residents of this town were brought to Dapitan for eye treatment.


Protection and Preservation of Huluga

Atty. Raquel Limbaco, May 9, 2008

Dear Mayor Jaraula: Our client, the HERITAGE CONSERVATION ADVOCATES (HCA) has availed of all channels of communication to get the attention of the City government regarding the sad state of Huluga. All such efforts, however, has been unheeded. [More]


Disappointed and Angry

Erlinda M. Burton, Ph.D., November 6, 2007

Dear Mayor Jaraula: We are disappointed and angry to learn about the continuous quarrying in Huluga despite your promise to protect it. A week after our meeting in August, several people used spades, trucks and a backhoe to remove earth from Obsidian Hill. The backhoe is owned by NLVDC, a construction firm. [More]

Quarrying in Obsidian Hill

UP-ASP Violation of Code of Ethics of Archaeology

Dr. Erlinda M. Burton, October 15, 2007

In 2004, a team from the University of the Philippines-Archaeological Studies Program (UP-ASP) conducted research excavations in Huluga and other archaeological sites in Cagayan de Oro. The planning, execution and report of this project violate the code of ethics of archaeology for the following reasons:


What's in a name?: CDO or CdeO?

Rene Michael Baños, April 15, 2008

I beg the indulgence of my friends Konsehal Alden Bacal and Commissioner Nanette Roa of the Historical and Cultural Commission. I fail to see the necessity, much less urgency, of an ordinance making "CdeO" the "official moniker" of Cagayan de Oro City.


Trash Archaeology

Elson T. Elizaga, November 11, 2007

In a news reporting class in Silliman University, Dr. Crispin Maslog said that if you want to study a man, you take the contents of his wastebasket. This advice is popular in other sciences, such as forensics, zoology, and archaeology. Put "trash important in archaeology" in google.com and you'll find numerous references.


Circumventing NHI regulations: The Macapagal ancestral house

Antonio J. Montalván II, December 14, 2005

The National Historical Institute (NHI) is circumventing its own regulations when it declared president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's house in Iligan City as a "national heritage site". First of all, former president Diosdado Macapagal never lived there.


What NHI should have done instead for Iligan: The Calaganan Mutiny

Rene Michael Baños, November 14, 2005

The National Historical Institute recently did Filipinos in general and Iliganons in particular, a disservice by shamelessly declaring the Macaraeg-Macapagal House a "heritage site" -- with the sitting president, no less, presiding over the farce. Even the wildest stretches of imagination cannot compare the historicity of that house to a nearby site where the only Katipunan-led revolt in Mindanao occurred 107 years ago.


Quo vadis, Johnnie?: Selling the historical city hall

Rene Michael Baños, October 14, 2005

The Ad Hoc Committee that studied the sale and transfer of city hall chaired by Councilor Juan Sia has recommended with finality the sale of the present Cagayan de Oro city hall complex, the city health office at the old cemetery and the city engineering office compound at Kauswagan.


Salvaging the Huluga archaeological site

Elson T. Elizaga, February 5, 2004

On Sept. 29, 2003, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo concealed something of importance from UNESCO. She delivered a speech during the opening ceremony of The 32nd Session of the General Conference of UNESCO in Paris. She praised UNESCO's efforts in preserving Philippine cultural heritage. But the next day, her political ally, mayor Vicente Y. Emano, inaugurated a road-and-bridge project that destroyed a huge portion of Huluga.


Should archaeologists cooperate?

Elson T. Elizaga, November 22, 2004

I'M MAKING A SMALL SURVEY to understand what people think about ethical requirements in scientific work, particularly in archaeological research. Here is the situation: 1) Dr. Erlinda M. Burton, president of the Heritage Conservation Advocates (HCA), is an archaeologist who has done research in the archaeological site called Huluga in Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines since 1975.


Arroyo speech at UNESCO

Elson T. Elizaga, November 2003

Let me start this paragraph with a date: September 29, 2003. This is two months ago. It may look insignificant, but on this day, Philippine president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo went to Paris to attend the 32nd Session of the General Conference of UNESCO.


Speech During The Opening Ceremony Of The 32nd Session Of The General Conference Of UNESCO

President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, September 29, 2003

Let me begin by thanking UNESCO for four recent gestures to promote my country's cultural heritage:

First, its assistance in preserving our thousands of years old Ifugao Rice Terraces in the Northern Philippines. Aside from their wondrous beauty, these Rice Terraces testify to our ancestors sophistication in the science of upland irrigation.


Cultural terrorism in Cagayan de Oro

Antonio J. Montalván II, July 14, 2003

MADAME President: If this were the war against Iraq, they would already have merited their terrorist labels from you. That would have been enough stimulus to get your anti-terrorism rhetorics and your popularity ratings soaring in the wind again. It might catch your fancy, Ms President, that there are other forms of terrorism today. One such is called cultural terrorism.


An Emano resignation is in order

Herbie Gomez, June 2003

KATANGAHAN. Kabobohan. Kabalastugan. Katarantaduhan. What other adjectives can we use to describe what city hall did to the Huluga archaeological site?

I thought the fellas running city hall are bright. On second thought, they are--when it comes to political strategies. They're geniuses on the subject of political mathematics and they know how many votes they can get if they do this or that. When it comes to politics, every move is calculated but when it comes to things like Huluga, they'd get a zero.


The Tragedy of Huluga

Antonio J. Montalván II, July 30, 2001

The Huluga Site is located about 7 kilometers south of the city poblacion of Cagayan de Oro, in the sitio of Taguanao, barangay Indahag. By the term “Huluga Site” is meant the composite area comprised of two caves and an open site on the eastern bank of the Cagayan River just a little off the southern tip of Puntod Island. However, there are also other component areas comprised of four other caves and three open sites.


Published by the Heritage Conservation Advocates, Cagayan de Oro, Philippines on December 11, 2005. Updated Thursday, February 13, 2020 . Articles do not necessarily express the views of the HCA.