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Heritage Conservation Advocates
 

Heritage Structures in
Cagayan de Oro

Religious and Non-Religious, Post-Spanish to Contemporary
By Dr. Antonio J. Montalván II
 
St. Augustine Cathedral
Section of stained glass window at St. Augustine Cathedral. Photography by Elson T. Elizaga.
Saint Augustine Cathedral. Photo added October 13, 2023.
Location Gaston Park
Period or style Gothic and Semi-Gothic
Year erected 1946 (Post World War II)

Comment

The original structure was built in 1845 by Fray Simon Loscos de Santa Catalina, an Augustinian Recollect missionary, along the Gothic style. Its walls and buttresses were made out of coral stones imported from China.

Some of these stones are still embedded inside the present concrete walls, and some of it were exposed and demolished when the sanctuary was recently renovated. The original structure was destroyed by the bombardment of Cagayan during World War II.

Archbishop James Hayes SJ built the present structure. Inside the Cathedral are rare priceless stained glass windows that came from the chapel of the Sisters of the Sacred Heart of New York and are the works of well-known masters. Just outside the porte-cochere façade is a wooden Santa Cruz erected in 1888 by the Augustinian Recollect missionaries. The old belfry was located on the left side and beneath it was the grave of another Spanish Recollect missionary, Fray Ramon Zueco de San Joaquin, who died in Cagayan in 1889.

 

Old sugar mill
Location Capistrano Complex, Gusa
Period or style Spanish colonial
Year erected Late 19th C.
Comment

Knowing that this old mill was owned by the Capistrano family, we can probably surmise that it was built sometime before or after the turn of the 19th to the 20th century, since that was the time that Nicolas Capistrano and his wife migrated to Cagayan from Manila.

Casa del Chino Ygua

Marker of the National Historical Institute on Casa del Chino Ygua (Balay nga Bato)

See large image
.

TRANSLATION: Built in 1882 with bricks imported from southern China by Sia Ygua. On January 10, 1899, the participants of the grand parade in Cagayan de Misamis gathered in front of this house in recognition of the revolutionary government of General Aguinaldo. Occupied by the 40th regiment of United States volunteers. Invaded by the Mindanao battalion led by General Nicolas Capistrano who tried to liberate Cagayan de Misamis on April 7, 1900. Many Filipino rebels were killed in this house during the battle in Cagayan de Misamis; they were buried in the backyard.
Location Corner of Velez and Hayes Streets
Period or style Spanish colonial
Year erected 1882
Comment

The original structure was built out of bricks transported from China aboard Chinese junks. During the travel, the bricks served as ballast for the junk, which reportedly landed along the banks of the Cagayan River to unload its cargo. The house was recently renovated, albeit badly and far from the standards of historical preservation. New bricks, probably made in Bulua, were used to cover the old Chinese bricks. The resulting structure seems undecided between being colonial or modern.

Trinitas Roa Reyes Ancestral House
Location Burgos St.
Period or style Spanish colonial
Year erected 1800s
Comment

This is a very historic house. It was the residence of Jose Reyes y Barrientos who was a member of the Philippine Independence Mission to the US in 1919 and who was earlier Misamis governor in 1913. In the 1930s, his wife Trinitas Roa Reyes had the house rented to Bishop James Hayes after his appointment as first Bishop of Cagayan. And so the house became a temporary Bishop's Palace. Hayes installed quilted canvas on the ceilings. Today, the house is in a dilapidated state. Still to be found are hardwood round timber posts topped by exposed beams with intricate carvings.

Archbishop's Palace
Archbishop's Palace, Cagayan de Oro
Location Gaston Park
Period or style Pre-World War II
Year erected 1934-35
Comment

Executive House, City Hall Complex
Location City Hall Complex
Period or style American Colonial 1940
Year erected Pre-World War II

Comment

Inaugurated on August 26, 1940 as the new Municipal Hall of Cagayan town and became the City Hall of the new Cagayan de Oro City in 1950. The building survived World War II. Recently renovated, the new architect tried to retain some of its colonial lines by installing new dentils and dentil bands beneath the media-agua. However, the old capiz windows were removed and replaced with modern French windows that seem incongruous with the architectural style. Moreover, some lovely vaulted alcoves inside are now covered beneath new plywood walls. Over-all, historical preservation was deficient, not to mention the new paint hues which are too loud for the structure's style.

 

The author with the historical marker of the Executive House of the City Hall


Water Tower
American colonial water tower, Cagayan de Oro
The water tower has been converted into the City Museum of Cagayan de Oro.
Location Gaston Park
Period or style American Colonial
Year erected 1926

Comment


San Jose de Mindanao Seminary

San Jose de Mindanao Seminary

Location Seminary Hill, Camaman-an
Period or style Post World War II
Year erected 1956

Comment

Probably the most massive religious architecture in Cagayan de Oro, the design of this building was patterned entirely after the Jesuit Sacred Heart Novitiate in Novaliches, Manila, from wingtip to wingtip. 


Trinidad Gate
Location Velez Street
Period or style American Colonial
Year erected 1936
Comment

Misamis Oriental Provincial Capitol
Misamis Oriental Capitol
Location Capitol Complex
Period or style American Colonial
Year erected 1948-50
Comment

Moreno-Valmores House
Moreno-Valmores ancestral house
 
Detail of Moreno-Valmores ancestral house
Location Corner of Aguinaldo and Yacapin Streets
Period or style Post-Spanish
Year erected Unknown

Comment


Gabar House
Location Corner of Toribio Chaves and Pabayo Streets
Period or style Post-Spanish
Year erected Unknown

Comment: See Wikimapia.


Tamparong Building (Pilipinas Bank)
Location Plaza Divisoria (Corner of Velez and Tirso Neri Streets
Period or style Art Nouveau-Contemporary
Year erected Pre-World War II

Comment


Lourdes College Main Building
Location Corner of Capistrano and Hayes Streets
Period or style American Colonial (?)
Year erected  

Comment


Loyola House
Location Xavier University Campus
Period or style Contemporary
Year erected 1950s

Comment


Misamis Oriental General Comprehensive High School (MOGCHS) Building

MOGCHS main building

 
Location Velez Street
Period or style American Colonial
Year erected 1909

Comment

Inaugurated as the Escuela Provincial on Dec. 15, 1909 by American Governor General William Cameron Forbes and House Speaker Sergio Osmena. Forbes provided the funds for its construction while the Cagayan citizens raised P9,000 as a local counterpart.


Acero House

Acero House, photographed by Renren Tion, originally posted in Memories of Old Cagayan de Oro Facebook

Location Capistrano Street (beside Cosmopolitan Funeral Home)
Period or style American Colonial
Year erected Unknown

Comment

Recently renovated along lines faithful to its original design. This house figured during World War II when it was said to have been occupied by Japanese troops.


The author, Antonio J. Montalván II, made this list when he was still a member of the Cagayan de Oro Historical and Cultural Commission. Photos have been added by Elson T. Elizaga since then.

This page was published on January 10, 2006. It has been updated on June 20, 2024 10:57 AM.

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