Heritage Conservation Advocates
Huluga Chronology
vis-à-vis Scientific Study, Preservation and Tragedy
By Lourd Ostique
Administrative Officer, Museo de Oro, Xavier University
August 13, 2003
September 9 – October 4, 1991
Under the auspices of the Department of Philippine Studies, Xavier University (in response to the request of Fr. Francisco Demetrio, S.J.) and the Centro Cultura España , a team composed of Mr. Angel P. Bautista, Senior Museum Researcher and Mr. Melvyn Garcia, Artist Illustrator II, conducted an archaeological exploration and test pit excavation in Barangays Macasandig, Balulang and Lumbia in Cagayan de Oro City and Barangay Walas (Pualas), Municipality of Imbatog, Bukidnon (Cagayan-Bukidnon boundary).

The team was able to discover/identify twenty-one archaeological sites. A list of archaeological sites discovered in Barangay Macasandig (Indahag), Balulang, Lumbia and Walas (Pualas) with their respective area and museum site codes, location, property owner, description of the site, description of the soil, soil type and surface finds were mentioned in the report. 

Findings of Mr. Bautista: “After 20 years, the writer conducted an archaeological exploration in the same study area. The results of the exploration yielded few potsherds and skeletal remains as well as zooarchaeological materials and revealed that the cave areas on the east bank of the river as well as other sites in Upper Taguanaw, Balulang, Lumbia and Walas (Pualas) were heavily disturbed by guano collectors as well as pothunters or treasure seekers. However, there are still a few portions of the caves explored that are suitable for a systematic archaeological excavation. With regard to the open sites which yielded tradeware ceramic sherds, the soil matrix is already disturbed due to erosion and agricultural activities of the local inhabitants… Of the 21 sites explored, there is only one site which has a great potential for systematic archaeological exploration. This is the Kros rockshelter situated on the west bank of Cagayan River which yielded a considerable number of artifacts.” (Bautista report, 1992)
September 4, 1991

Huluga was mentioned in the report entitled “Archaeological and Historical Survey, Assessment and Evaluation of the Proposed Cagayan de Oro – Iligan Airport in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental” by Dr. Eusebio Z. Dizon, Ph.D. of the National Museum.

August 26, 1992
A lecture was held at the XU Audio Visual Room entitled “The Archaeological Exploration of Cagayan de Oro and Vicinities” by Mr. Angel Bautista, Senior Museum Researcher of the National Museum. 
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