Heritage Conservation Advocates
 
 
 
     
   
  Results in Macasandig
 
 

The team was able to discover twenty-one archaeological sites. The following is the list of archaeological sites discovered in Barangays Macasandig, Balulang, Lumbia and Walas with their respective area and museum site codes, location, property owner, description of the site, description of the soil, soil type and surface finds:


A. Huluga Open Site (Plate 5)

Code

X-91-Q2
Location Sitio Taguanao, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 25' 15
E-W 124° 37' 50
Property owner Congresswoman Liling Roa
Tenant Edgardo Bacaro
Elevation 80 m
Geographical features

Hills on the east side of Cagayan River; covered with grasses, wild legumes, shrubs and bananas; grazing land for cattle

Soil Sandy-loam-clay
Surface finds Pottery rim, chert flakes, andesite cobble, unglazed stoneware with excised stamped design, blue-and-white sherd
Test Pit excavation: Thin soil layer (Figure 4)

B. Huluga Cave

Code

X-91-R2
Location Sitio Taguanao, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 25' 15
E-W 124° 37' 50
Property owner Congresswoman Liling Roa
Tenant Edgardo Bacaro
Elevation 60 m
Geographical features

Cave site in the east side of the Cagayan River; covered with balete branches; with four chambers and two mouths.

Chambers 1 2 3 4

maximum length

9 m 5.9 m 4.5 m 5 m

maximum height

2.4 m 3.3 m 8 m 1.63 m

maximum width

4 m 5.3 m 3 m 2.3 m

mouth orientation

S155° E N80° E S170° E S135° E
Cave opening A   B  
maximum height 1.05 m   .94 m  
maximum width 1.2 m   .65 m  
orientation N345° W   N280° W  
Soil Sandy loam; disturbed by pot hunters, treasure seekers and guano collectors.
Surface finds Pottery sherds, andesite cobbles

C. Liyang Cave

Code

X-91-S2
Location Sitio Taguanao, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 25' 15
E-W 124° 37' 40
Property owner Congresswoman Liling Roa
Tenant Edgardo Bacaro
Elevation 70 m
Geographical features

Cave site in the east side of the Cagayan River; kalibangbang twines were found on the mouth of the cave.

Cave dimensions

maximum length

8 m  

maximum height

4.6 m

maximum width

5.5 m
Cave opening
maximum height 2.6 m  
maximum width 4 m
orientation N310°
Soil Clay loam; disturbed by pot hunters.
Surface finds Deformed female crania (Plate 8), pottery sherds and post cranial human skeleton

D. Kabuaangan Site

Code

X-91-X2
Location Sitio Moloypoloy-Upper Taguanao, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 26' 30
E-S 124° 38 '45
Property owner Dodong Alpuha
Tenant Edgardo Bacaro
Elevation 80 m
Geographical features

Rockshelter in a conglomerate formation; patches of dipterocarp forests, balete, bamboos, ferns were found near the rockshelter; spring and stream were found south of the site.

Soil Clay loam; disturbed by mineral collectors
Surface finds Marine shells (Placuna sp., Oliva sp., ARCIDEA) (Plate 7) embedded in sandstone; andesite cobbles

E. Bolotohan I Cave

Code

X-91-Y2
Location Taguanao, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 25' 55
E-W 124° 39
Property owner Caloy Roa
Tenant  
Elevation 90 m
Geographical features

Cave site with a big boulder in its mouth; covered with ferns, epiphytes, mosses, shrubs and trees; the site is situated in the east side of Bolotohan creek in a gully.

Cave dimensions

maximum length

100 + m  

maximum height

1.2 m

maximum width

6.3 m
orientation S245 °W  
Soil Clay loam; disturbed by guano collectors; part of the mouth was undisturbed.
Surface finds Reported pottery sherds

F. Bolotohan II Cave

Code

X-91-Z2
Location Taguanao, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 25' 55
E-W 124° 39
Property owner Caloy Roa
Tenant  
Elevation 90 m
Geographical features

Cave site; the mouth is partially covered with a large boulder; covered with forest, ferns, epiphytes, mosses, shrubs; the site is situated in the east side of the Bolotohan creek.

Cave dimensions

maximum length

100 + m  

maximum height

5.8 m

maximum width

5 m
orientation S245 °W  
Soil Clay loam; disturbed by guano collectors; the floor was excavated to produce a canal where water passes.
Surface finds Reported potteries.

G. Kalabera Rockshelter

Code

X-91-H3
Location Sitio Aluba, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 27' 55
E-W 124° 39'
Property owner  
Tenant  
Elevation 70 m
Geographical features

Rockshelter in a conglomerate formation situated approximately 10 meters east of Calaupan creek; covered with bushes and shrubs.

Orientation

S225° W
Soil Sandy loam; disturbed.
Surface finds Univalves (Terebralia palustris, Telescopium telescopium, NERITIDAE, Faunus ater) with broken apices and outer lips (Plate 8); bivalve (Anodonta sp.), animal and human bones, pottery sherds.

H. Balete Rockshelter

Code

X-91-I3
Location Sitio Aluba, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 27' 55
E-W 124° 39'
Property owner  
Tenant  
Elevation 70 m
Geographical features

Rockshelter in a conglomerate formation; covered with branches of balete trees; situated about 8 meters from the Calaupan creek.

Orientation

S225° W
Soil Sandy loam; disturbed.
Surface finds Human skeletal remains; lead ring.

I. Calaupan Rockshelter

Code

X-91-J3
Location Sitio Aluba, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 27' 55
E-W 124° 39
Property owner  
Tenant  
Elevation 70 m
Geographical features

Rockshelter in a conglomerate formation; situated about 10 meters from the east side of the creek; covered with balete trees, ipil and banana.

Orientation

S225° W
Soil Sandy loam; disturbed.
Surface finds

Human skeletal remains; resin pasted pottery; pottery sherds with designs (Figure 5):

  • Designs made by pinching and scratching
  • Coiled with incised designs
  • Incised -- wavy-linear designs

J. Taguanao Open Site

Code

X-91-K3
Location Sitio Taguanao, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-W 8° 26 ' 5
E-W 124° 38 ' 25
Property owner Jaime Espinosa
Tenant  
Elevation 40 m
Geographical features

Cultivated area, planted with cacao, coffee, taro, cassava, mango, papaya, banana, corn, and coconuts.

Soil Loam clay; cultivated, with andesite cobbles, corals
Surface finds

Pottery sherds

K. Sikyup Open Site

Code

X-91-O3
Location Sitio Taguanao, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 25 ' 5
E-W 124° 37 ' 40
Property owner Congresswoman Liling Roa
Tenant Eduardo Bacaro and Alfredo Ebuna
Elevation 80 m
Geographical features

Cultivated area situated on the slope of a hill, east side of Cagayan River; planted with corn, mango, banana, coconuts.

Soil Loam; cultivated, with andesite cobbles and coral formation.
Surface finds

Pottery sherds, blue and white sherd; white ware sherds.

L. Kalambagohan Cave Site

Code

X-91-P3
Location Sitio Taguanao, Barangay Macasandig
Map coordinates N-S 8° 25' 15
E-W 124° 37' 40
Property owner Congresswoman Liling Roa
Tenant Edgardo Bacaro and Alfredo Ebuna
Elevation 70 m
Geographical features

Cave site situated in a limestone formation in the east side of Cagayan River, just 2 meters from Liyang Cave

Chambers 1 2    

maximum length

10 m 5 m    

maximum height

4 m 3 m    

maximum width

1.5 m 5 m    
Cave openings A B    
maximum height 10 m 8 m    
maximum width 8 m 5 m    
orientation N310° W N310° W    
Soil Loam; partially disturbed.
Surface finds Human skeletons
 
  Published by the Heritage Conservation Advocates, Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, October 21, 2001. Republished online February 26, 2011.

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