Topographic, real property and land classification
maps of Cagayan de Oro City and vicinities from the Record Section of
the National Museum and from the Planning and Development of Cagayan de
Oro City Government were studied prior to the archaeological exploration
of the area.
A field station was established in Sitio
Taguanao situated 8 kilometers south of the poblacion of Barangay Macasandig.
From this field station, transect line were determined to guide the team
on their day to day exploratory work. Barangays Macasandig, Balulang,
Lumbia and Walas were explored (Figure 3 and Plate 4). The equipment used
included 50 meter tape, 10 meter tape, compass and altimeter. Archaeology
Forms nos. 1a and 2a (Site Discovery Forms) and no. 3a (Cave Site Survey/Inspection
Report) (Peralta 1981) were used in recording all relevant information
regarding the sites. During exploration, Philippine prehistoric cultural
materials such as cobble and flake tools, stone adzes, pottery shreds
and tradeware ceramics were shown to the local inhabitants to gather information
on the presence of archaeological materials in the area included in the
transect lines. Test pit excavation was undertaken in one site using arbitrary
level of 10 centimeters. A 2x2 meters grid was established. Trowels and
bolo were used in the excavation. The soil stratification of the northwall
of the trench was recorded through the use of a 3 meter tape, string and
stakes. Archaeological materials found were cleaned and placed in plastic
bags properly labelled using the bagging slip form (Archaeology Form no.
8). Restoration of pottery sherds and stoneware sherds was undertaken
through the use of quick drying adhesive. The activities of the team were
documented through recording and photography.
The identification and analysis of zooarchaeological
and human specimens were undertaken by the writer while ceramic sherds
were identified by Miss AMALIA DE LA TORRE, Museum Researcher I and MR.
ALFREDO OROGO, Museum Researcher II. Illustrations were made by Messrs.
MELVYN GARCIA, GERARDO NAVARRO and ANTONIO PENALOSA, Artist Illustrators
OF CONTENTS] [INTRODUCTION]
[STUDY AREA] [METHODOLOGY]
& RECOMMENDATION] [REFERENCES]