Heritage Conservation Advocates

Topographic, real property and land classification maps of Cagayan de Oro City and vicinities from the Record Section of the National Museum and from the Planning and Development of Cagayan de Oro City Government were studied prior to the archaeological exploration of the area.

A field station was established in Sitio Taguanao situated 8 kilometers south of the poblacion of Barangay Macasandig. From this field station, transect line were determined to guide the team on their day to day exploratory work. Barangays Macasandig, Balulang, Lumbia and Walas were explored (Figure 3 and Plate 4). The equipment used included 50 meter tape, 10 meter tape, compass and altimeter. Archaeology Forms nos. 1a and 2a (Site Discovery Forms) and no. 3a (Cave Site Survey/Inspection Report) (Peralta 1981) were used in recording all relevant information regarding the sites. During exploration, Philippine prehistoric cultural materials such as cobble and flake tools, stone adzes, pottery shreds and tradeware ceramics were shown to the local inhabitants to gather information on the presence of archaeological materials in the area included in the transect lines. Test pit excavation was undertaken in one site using arbitrary level of 10 centimeters. A 2x2 meters grid was established. Trowels and bolo were used in the excavation. The soil stratification of the northwall of the trench was recorded through the use of a 3 meter tape, string and stakes. Archaeological materials found were cleaned and placed in plastic bags properly labelled using the bagging slip form (Archaeology Form no. 8). Restoration of pottery sherds and stoneware sherds was undertaken through the use of quick drying adhesive. The activities of the team were documented through recording and photography.

The identification and analysis of zooarchaeological and human specimens were undertaken by the writer while ceramic sherds were identified by Miss AMALIA DE LA TORRE, Museum Researcher I and MR. ALFREDO OROGO, Museum Researcher II. Illustrations were made by Messrs. MELVYN GARCIA, GERARDO NAVARRO and ANTONIO PENALOSA, Artist Illustrators II.


  Published by the Heritage Conservation Advocates, Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, October 15, 2001.