The one month exploratory work in Barangays
Macasandig, Balulang and Lumbia in Cagayan de Oro City and in Barangay
Walas in Bukidnon- Cagayan de Oro boundary as well as the archaeological
data previously gathered in several sites in the Province of Misamis have
provided evidences of a prehistoric culture that once flourished in the
southern part of Cagayan de Oro City proper, specifically along the west
and east banks of the Cagayan River. These sites yielded a considerable
number of artifacts such as several pieces of metal age potteries in varying
forms and designs and ceramic tradewares dating from the Song to Ming
Periods. Therefore, extensive archaeological researches in this area might
provide important information on the cultural chronology of Philippines
In 1970, the Huluga Caves complex located in the limestone
cliff about 60 feet over the east bank of the Cagayan River in Sitio Taguanao,
Barangay Macasandig were already visited by several researchers. The surrounding
area of Huluga which means "to throw" or "to cast down"
is believed to be the original place of settlement in the area. Several
artifacts were found in these places such as flake tools, polished tools,
15 sided angular vessel, metal tools, porcelain sherds of Song and Ming
dynasty of vestiges of probable Annamese and Thai potteries (Cabanilla
1970). After 20 years, the writer conducted an archaeological exploration
in the same study area. The results of the exploration yielded few potsherds
and skeletal remains as well as zooarchaeological materials and revealed
that the cave areas on the east bank of the river as well as other sites
in Upper Taguanao, Balulang, Lumbia and Walas were heavily disturbed by
guano collectors as well as pot hunters or treasure seekers. However,
there are still a few portions of the caves explored that are suitable
for a systematic archaeological excavation. With regard to the open sites
which yielded tradeware ceramic sherds, the soil matrix is already disturbed
due to erosion and agricultural activities of the local inhabitants.
Of the 21 sites explored, there is only
one site which has a great potential for systematic archaeological exploration.
This is Kros Rockshelter situated on the west bank of Cagayan River in
Barangay Balulang which yielded a considerable number of artifacts e.g.
potteries of varying forms and designs. Several forms which are considered
unique were recovered in this rockshelter.
It is recommended therefore that a systematic archaeological
excavation be undertaken in Kros Rockshelter in Barangay Balulang as soon
as possible as well as the immediate restoration of all earthenwares recovered
from the site.
CONTENTS] [INTRODUCTION] [STUDY
AREA] [METHODOLOGY] [RESULTS]
[DISCUSSION & RECOMMENDATION]